ROGER W. FERGUSON, JR., is president and chief executive officer of TIAA, the leading provider of retirement services in the academic, research, medical, and cultural fields and a Fortune 100 financial services organization. Ferguson is the former vice chairman of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve System. He currently serves on the Smithsonian Institution’s Board of Regents and the New York State Insurance Advisory Board. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and co-chairs its Commission on the Future of Undergraduate Education. He serves on the boards of Alphabet, General Mills, and International Flavors & Fragrances. He is Chairman of The Conference Board and serves on the boards of the American Council of Life Insurers, the Institute for Advanced Study, and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. He is a fellow of the American Philosophical Society and a member of the Economic Club of New York, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Group of Thirty, and the National Association for Business Economics. Ferguson served on President Barack Obama’s council on Jobs and Competitiveness as well as its predecessor, the Economic Recovery Advisory Board, and he co-chaired the National Academy of Sciences’ Committee on the Long-Run Macro-Economic Effects of the Aging U.S. Population. Ferguson holds a B.A., J.D., and a Ph.D. in economics, all from Harvard University.